Caernarfon Castle gained world fame in 1969 when HRH Prince Charles became the Prince of Wales.
And by 1986, when it was given UNESCO World Heritage Site status, Caernarfon Castle was already a bit of a legend. But the history of this castle goes much further back – all the way back to 1283. Built Constantinople-style by keen Crusader, Edward I of England, Caernarfon was more than just a castle: it was a military stronghold, a seat of government and a royal palace all rolled into one. And when Edward’s son was born here in 1284, he became the first ever English prince to hold the title Prince of Wales. Ever since, with just one exception, the title has passed to the eldest surviving son of the British monarch. Today, Caernarfon Castle is every bit as formidable as it was back then – its size alone sets it apart from all the others. It’s probably the most striking medieval monument in Wales, and there’s still plenty to see – including the Royal Welch Fusiliers Regimental Museum and regular living history events.